What is TPM and why Windows 11 need it; The Windows 11 operating system will be officially released in a few months, but the operating system will not be available on all computers. According to Microsoft, Windows 11 needs a system that supports the Trusted Platform Module 2.0, while most users are not fully aware of this technology. Microsoft claims that TPM will increase the security of Windows. However, it is possible that Microsoft’s tough approach to TPM 2.0 will cause Windows 11 to fail.
Last week, Microsoft finally unveiled its new operating system, called Windows 11, featuring a variety of features, including a simple, integrated user interface. Other features of the Windows 11 operating system include better performance, a new Microsoft Store, and better gaming capabilities. The operating system will also be available as a free update for Windows 10 users.
It seems that Microsoft has made a lot of efforts to make this operating system more attractive to developers and easier to work with than in the past. However, users will need a system with a dual-core processor and 4 GB of RAM to run this operating system. As you can see, the minimum system required to install Windows 11 has increased compared to Windows 10, and older computers will not be able to run it.
What is TPM?
Most computers built in the last 10 years support UEFI and Secure Boot, so they should be able to run Windows 11. However, if these computers are not equipped with a TPM chip, they will not be able to install and run the latest Microsoft operating system.
But why did Microsoft suddenly decide to consider TPM technology, which is mostly used in commercial environments, as a prerequisite for running Windows 11? TPM was originally installed as a microcontroller chip on motherboards, but in recent years Intel and AMD processors have added the technology to their processors as firmware.
The purpose of using TPM in Windows 11 is to protect cryptographic keys, user information, and other sensitive data behind hardware barriers to prevent malware or hackers from accessing or manipulating this information. In short, TPM is a hardware-based security feature that stores information in a specific section and protects it from hacker attacks.
Windows has used TPM in the past to upgrade to features such as Windows Hello, Windows Defender, and BitLocker. This feature will not be completely impenetrable, but it will make it harder for hackers to attack systems remotely. Currently, 1.3 billion people use Windows 10 (about 100 million users use Windows 8 and 7) who are exposed to various cyber-attacks on a daily basis. Hackers are expected to make $ 265 million through online ransomware by 2031.
Microsoft has worked hard to educate users and businesses about the importance of protecting against such cyber attacks. According to the company, 83% of all businesses have been attacked in the past two years, and these companies have allocated only 29% of their budget to protect against these attacks. However, Microsoft may be pursuing another goal as TPM is also used to protect copyright and add anti-fraud capabilities to online games.
Microsoft has filed many patents for the simultaneous use of TPM and other anti-fraud solutions. Microsoft’s move will surely be welcomed by the gamer community and will make it very difficult for fraudsters. Of course, this feature will not be available for Windows 11 on the first day, but using TPM will definitely create the right infrastructure to create such features.
Who has access to TPM?
People who use computers equipped with AMD or Intel processors, to use TPM, you must first go to the UEFI settings section of your system and have a feature called PTT (on Intel systems) or PSP fTPM (on AMD systems). D) activate. Most computers built in the last 4 years or later were not supposed to support this technology. For example, the first-generation Raizen and Treadmill processors on AMD and Intel 6th and 7th generation processors, and generally all processors released before the CoffeeLike series (late 2017), do not support TPM.
However, following the controversy surrounding the use of TPM by Windows 11, there have been reports that Microsoft’s new operating system may be used on older systems. It is said that users of older systems can access this operating system in a special way.
According to various sources, Microsoft has increased the list of processors running Windows 11 and added Intel 7th generation and Advisor 1st generation processors to this list. Of course, this news has not been confirmed by Microsoft yet, but such an action by this company is not far from expectation.
Users of older systems can install the TPM 2.0 chip manually on their system motherboard, but Microsoft does not recommend this. Also, using the TPM 2.0 chip on BIOS motherboards is not recommended as many key TPM features will not work on them.
Currently, TPM’s main problem is running out of stock thanks to illegal brokers and sellers. Just one day after the introduction of Windows 11, all TPM chips in reputable retailers ran out, and now these products are being sold at many times the price on websites like eBay. Normally the TPM 2.0 module costs about $ 25, but now illegal vendors sell it for $ 100.
Microsoft plans to increase the level of security for users and companies by making TPM a prerequisite for Windows 11, and has partnered with Intel, AMD, and Qualcomm to integrate TPM directly into new processor cores. The only problem with Microsoft’s move is the global shortage of chips, which prevents many users from accessing the unique features of Windows 11.
What do you think about the prerequisite for TPM to install Windows 11? Was Microsoft’s move right in the current labor market conditions? Share your comments with us.